Middle Ear

Middle Ear is known as the tympanic cavity (lined with simple cuboidal epithelium). Its main function is converting sound waves arriving from the external ear into mechanical vibrations that are transmitted to the internal ear. It contains three auditory ossicles (malleus, incus, and stapes), muscles attached to the ossicles, auditory tube, round window, and oval window.

Tympanic membrane separates the middle ear from the external acoustic meatus. It transmits sound waves to the ossicles of the middle ear. The layers of the tympanic membrane are: